Paper title: Improvisational design dialogue
Author’s name: Brendon Clark, Nicholas Torretta
Author’s Affiliation: Umeå Institute of Design, Umeå University
Abstract: We take the position that, if we wish to move toward decolonizing design, design(ers) needs to re-think the organization of the design encounter and how we as designers practice participation in that encounter. We emphasize the improvisational nature of turn-taking in “real-time” dialogue amidst asymmetric and dynamic power relations, with design’s commitment to generating resources for future practices, and decolonization’s commitment to re-configure power structures. Improvisational design dialogue – unraveling partial glimpses of our individual and collective journeys in improvised performances of potential realities through a dance of multimodal, partially distributed, partially synchronized dialogue in the “design present”.
Short Bio: Brendon Clark* is an associate professor in design anthropology exploring how possibility manifests itself through emergent practices of sociomaterial interactions.
Nicholas Torretta* is a PhD candidate and Brazilian artist exploring anti-oppressive and decolonial approaches to design for sustainability.
Paper title: “Terminal Face”: De-centering whiteness as approach to decolonize AI and Machine Learning
Author’s name: Hans Smith-Wrinch, MJ Hunter Brueggemann
Author’s Affiliation: Imperial College London; Computing BEng, University Arts London
Abstract: This paper presents the digital artwork/propositional design artefact “Terminal Face” (TF) and its diegetic affordances in (1) prototyping decolonized software (2) from within the white-western medium. We firmly reject the notion that any decolonizing can take place without a plurality of stakeholders, however what we are exploring in this work is an attempt of decentering-whiteness- as-default in software. Given the absence of diversity in sites of code-instantiation we explore the production of actively anti-racist code through mitigating its bias(es). This work is an account of our effort to circumnavigate computational Eurocentristic-bias(es) through de-centering the privileged position of white ethnicities in AI/ML. TF’s pro- posed value is the exploration of user-identifiable skin-types and what we will call “meeting the code half-way” as alternative/supplementary pathways to code-justice. We document the context of emergence, technical considerations, reflections and implications of our design process and rationale.
Paper title: Decolonizing metadata
Author’s name: Karin Hansson, Anna Dahlgren
Author’s Affiliation: Computer and Systems Sciences, Stockholm University
Abstract: This position paper describes an ongoing speculative design project, that can provide a case for a discussion of design methods for the decolonizing of the western cultural heritage. Our starting point is the representation, or lack of representation, of diverse perspectives in the Swedish cultural heritage, such as for example in the representation of the Sámi – an indigenous Scandinavian people in longstanding conflict with the Swedish state.
Short Bio: Karin Hansson, Associate Professor of Media Technology, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Södertörn University and Department of Culture and Aesthetics, Stockholm University, has written extensively on norms and values in ICT supported participatory practices.
Anna Dahlgren, Professor of Art History, Department of Culture and Aesthetics, Stockholm University, has published on different aspects of photography and visual culture including the digital turn, print culture and archives and museum practices.
Paper title: Co-Drive: Next Stop Kumasi!
Author’s name: Laura Boffi
Author’s Affiliation: University of Ferrara, Italy
Abstract: The Co-Drive interactive experience at CHI2021 gives conference attendees the possibility to experience social virtual travelling by car either as the driver or the remote passenger. Through the dislocation of two prototypes in two different parts of the world, Co-Drive trips will be available in two different locations, one of which crowdsourced among prospective CHI attendees. After experiencing the Co-Drive trip, participants will be able to share their experience in a collective way through a virtual meeting held during the conference and subsequently in an individual way through a phone call or video/audio recording from their car to the main author.
Paper title: Data Literacy and Decolonialization: Towards Culture
Author’s name: Luciana Sá Brito, LSB, Brito, Adriana Santarosa Vivacqua, ASV, Vivacqua, Juliana Baptista dos Santos França, JBSF, França, Angélica Fonseca da Silva Dias, AFSD, Dias
Author’s Affiliation: Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Instituto Tércio Pacitti de Aplicações e Pesquisas
Abstract: Nowadays, large amounts of data are widely available for consumption. This has created a trend towards data-based narratives. This style of writing requires certain skills related to data retrieval and manipulation not only to create but also to interpret. The ability to read, work, analyze and argue with data is called data literacy. These skills are not always well developed in schools, even though related aspects are mentioned in Brazil’s National Curriculum (BNCC). We have developed a data literacy qualitative scale to be used to direct the teaching of data literacy in high school classes. Now we believe that we can go further, transforming the foundation of our educational practices into data literacy to make them more ergonomic for the Brazilian context, through exploratory ethnographic research through graphic expressions from cultural references of our people and certain communities, that have the power to raise awareness, better inform and effectively create meaningful learning about the concepts being communicated.
Short Bio: Luciana Sá Brito was born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1982. She received the Licentiate degree in physics from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 2008, and the MSc degree in computer science, information Systems from Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 2020. She is currently a Ph.D. student in management of complex systems also at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. In 2007, she was approved in a public exam to teach physics in schools in the state of Rio de Janeiro, having remained in this role until the year 2013. Since 2013, she has been a civil servant in the e-learning area of the Rio de Janeiro State Science Center Foundation, linked to the Rio de Janeiro State Department of Science and Technology, where she works advising teachers on design, implementation development university e-learning courses.
Paper title: From, With and For the Community: A glimpse of a Community-Based Co-Design approach
Author’s name: Gary Loh C.W & Tariq Z.
Author’s Affiliation: Gary Loh C.W & Tariq Z. Advanced Centre on Sustainable Social Economic Development (ACeSSED), University College of Technology Sarawak
Abstract: Participatory Design (PD) approaches involving community such as Community-Centred Design (CCD) and Community-Based Co-Design (CBCD) have received much attention since the last decade (Niemela et. al., 2014). Adopting traditional or indigenous practices in co-design approach has been considered to be one step in decolonizing methods, because it addresses the situatedness of the problem together with all the stakeholders involved (Barcham, 2019). Taking into context of CBCD, we believe community as the initiator (From the community), design and implement (With the community) and lastly sustainable solution (For the community) is the way for community technology development.
Paper title: Confront, Question & Reflect: The Three Pillars to Diversity Driven HCI- Confront, Question, & Reflect
Author’s name: Nana Kesewaa, NKD, Dankwa, Claude, CD, Draude
Author’s Affiliation: Informatic Systems, University of Kassel
Abstract: Technology design that advances equality needs a systemic, consistent effort from the HCI community. It entails an evaluation of current practices, tackling the design of oppressive technologies, and envisioning future practices that advance equality in technology design, development, and use. In this paper, we present our vision, a conceptual model for diversity driven HCI. This paper is an excerpt from the full conceptual paper “Setting Diversity at the Core of HCI” . We argue that when HCI is diversity driven, the focus is on all that persons/users are, not what they must be. Our holistic approach is founded on three pillars we theme as confront, question, and reflect. For the workshop, we would appreciate feedback on our vision for technological futures that advance equality in technology design.
Short Bio: Nana Kesewaa is a PhD candidate in Computer Science at the University of Kassel. Her research interests are in diversity driven HCI, critical design, innovation and socially responsible computing. She is currently working on the INTeGER project at the Research Center for Information Systems Design (ITeG).
Claude Draude is Professor in Computer Science and director at the Research Center for Information System Design (ITeG), at the University of Kassel, Germany. Her research focuses on diversity, participation and inclusion in ICT & HCI through critical design and through developing frameworks, methodologies, models and technological prototypes.
Paper title: Are Social Q&A Platforms Social Enough? Improving engagement from and for the Global South in Stack Overflow
Author’s name: Nigini Oliveira, Sara Vannini
Author’s Affiliation: University of Washington, University of Sheffield
Abstract: Cross-cultural research in Collaborative Systems shows differences in how groups of people around the world understand and engage with them. In our work, we have identified that on Stack Overflow (SO) groups of users in the Global South show lower levels of engagement with the platform than users in the Global North. According to our findings, the current technology that was built for cooperation and knowledge sharing is framed around individualist values to collaboration and carries culturally biased values. In an attempt to engage perspectives from the Global South and enable the constituency of “pluriverses” in SO, we apply the findings of our multi-year research with site participants to inform design adaptations to the platforms.
Short Bios: Nigini is a Postdoc Researcher at the University of Washington Computer Science School. He is a Human-Computer Interaction researcher with a particular interest in Social and Collaborative Computing and Cross-Cultural Studies. He works on designing and developing computer systems that promote healthy socialization and support community diversity.
Sara Vannini is a Lecturer at the University of Sheffield Information School. Her research interests are at the intersection of critical studies of technology and society, social change, and information ethics, including social appropriation of technologies, information privacy, the role of public access to information in mis/disinformation, and participatory methodologies.
Paper title: A Participatory Approach to Action Research: Designing a Digital Tool for and with Graduate Students to Promote Academic Perseverance
Author’s name: Anne-Marie Turcotte-Tremblay, Catherine E. Deri, Emilie Tremblay-Wragg, Elise Labonte-Lemoyne
Author’s Affiliation: Harvard University, USA, University of Ottawa, Canada, Université du Québec à Montréal, Canada, HEC Montreal, Canada
Abstract: Since 2015, a student-led organization called Thèsez-vous has been altering traditional power dynamics in academia by creating a community of practice for graduate students engaged in academic writing. This non-profit organization is currently collaborating with scholars, graduate students and digital experts to develop a digital tool that takes into account the diverse needs of students writing dissertations, incorporates effective pedagogical strategies and follows best practices on distance learning. The objective of this paper is to document the process of this participatory action research. We intentionally chose to over-represent uncommon profiles of graduate students who are underrepresented in the overall non-profit organization membership and in the scientific literature to actively participate in the six steps of the Design Science Research Model. We highlight preliminary lessons learned drawn from our data collection to identify the problem space. We found that decolonizing design efforts by involving all contributors on a leveled playing field is possible in an academic setting where power dynamics are ever so present. As such, participants from a wide variety of backgrounds and disciplines proposed innovative ideas regarding their most important needs, features and the layout of the digital tool interface. We recommend further examination of approaches to promote diversity in academia, especially as they relate to the design of technologies to enhance teaching and learning inside and outside of formal education environments.
Short Bios: Dr. Anne-Marie Turcotte-Tremblay is a postdoctoral fellow at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. She teaches mixed methods research at the University of Oxford. Her research focuses on the design, implementation and impact of interventions that aim to improve access to high quality healthcare and reduce health inequities.
Catherine E. Deri is a doctoral candidate with the Faculty of Education at University of Ottawa. She recently completed a career transition to the world of academia, after serving 25 years as a military officer. Her current research interests focus on virtual communities and social learning within academic writing groups.
Emilie Tremblay-Wragg is a professor at the Department of Didactics of the UQAM Faculty of Education. Her research interests are active and diversified teaching strategies, digital education, writing behavior, motivation to learn, and teacher training. She is also co-founder of Thèsez-vous, a non-profit organization supporting academic writing for graduate students.
Elise Labonte-LeMoyne, Ph.D. is a researcher at the Tech3Lab and Ux Research Chair at HEC Montreal and the principal investigator of the Thèsez-vous digital ecosystem participatory design research program. She combines her expertise in neuroscience, exercise science and information technology to study user experience and human-computer interaction.